Tax Planning for Retirement: Exploring NPS (National Pension System) and EPF (Employee Provident Fund) in India


It is essential to engage in retirement planning to guarantee financial stability during the later stages of life. India offers two well-known retirement investment plans, namely the National Pension System (NPS) and the Employee Provident Fund (EPF). These plans provide individuals with the chance to save for their retirement while also enjoying tax advantages. This article delves into the taxation of NPS and EPF, along with the process of e filing of income tax and the reporting obligations linked to these retirement schemes.

National Pension System (NPS)

Regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), the National Pension System (NPS) is a voluntary retirement savings scheme. Its objective is to ensure that every citizen receives retirement income. Within the NPS framework, individuals have the option to open a Tier I account, designed for long-term savings and not meant for withdrawals, as well as a Tier II account, which permits withdrawals. Under Section 80CCD(1) of the Income Tax Act, any contributions made to the NPS are eligible for tax deductions.

Employee Provident Fund (EPF)

The Employee Provident Fund is an obligatory retirement savings scheme designed for employees working in the organized sector in India. The administration of the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO) falls under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Labour and Employment. Both employers and employees make contributions to the Employee Provident Fund (EPF), which is a percentage of the employee’s salary. Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, the contributions made to the EPF are eligible for tax deductions.

Taxation of NPS and EPF

Both the NPS and EPF offer tax benefits for contributions made while e-filing of income tax, but there is a distinction in how the accumulated funds are taxed. When it comes to NPS, the maturity amount is subject to taxation. However, individuals have the opportunity to enjoy tax benefits by investing a portion of the corpus in an annuity plan. However, if you have served continuously for five years, any withdrawals from the EPF will be exempt from taxes.

Filing ITR for NPS and EPF

Taxpayers who make contributions to the National Pension Scheme (NPS) or the Employee Provident Fund (EPF) must include these contributions in their Income Tax Return (ITR). You can claim deductions for your contributions to the NPS under Section 80CCD(1) and Section 80CCD(2) of the Income Tax Act. Under Section 80C, individuals are eligible to claim deductions for their EPF contributions. To fully benefit from the tax advantages, it is crucial to report these contributions accurately.

Reporting Requirements for NPS and EPF

Employers have the obligation to furnish employees with a copy of Form 16, which encompasses details about their salary, as well as their NPS and EPF contributions. Individuals should verify the information provided in Form 16 to ensure its accuracy and alignment with their own records. In order to ensure the accuracy of the information provided in your tax return, it is crucial to keep a record of all the payments made to the EPF and NPS during the year.


Engaging in tax planning is crucial when preparing for retirement as it allows you to optimize your savings and minimize your tax obligations. In India, individuals often consider both the National Pension System (NPS) and the Employees Provident Fund (EPF) as popular choices for their retirement savings. Contributions made to these programs can be claimed as deductions on the individual tax return (ITR) while e-filing of income tax. Properly documenting these contributions and keeping a record of the information provided by employers is crucial. Consulting with a tax professional can provide valuable guidance for optimizing tax planning related to NPS and EPF contributions. By effectively utilizing retirement plans, individuals can secure their financial stability and enjoy a comfortable retirement.
For more:

Similar Posts