Polycystic ovary syndrome ( PCOSCO ): Treatment, causes, symptoms

PCOSCO is also commonly known as PCOS which means polycystic ovary syndrome. The female has to bear their symptoms and disorder. The level of androgens is low in females as compared to men. If such androgen is produced in ovaries in higher production then it creates a clear difference. When the ovary starts to produce tinny cysts then it ensures polycystic ovary syndrome. However, these cysts also contain fluids. On the contrary. Ovulation is the process which ensures the egg is from the ovary. Therefore, male sperm can fertilize it. In this article, we will explore the treatment, causes and symptoms of PCOSCO.


Symptoms of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome:

PCOS can cause a range of symptoms, which can vary from woman to woman. Some of the most common symptoms of PCOS include:

  • Irregular periods
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Acne
  • Excessive hair growth on the face, chest, or abdomen (hirsutism)
  • Weight gain or difficulty losing weight
  • Infertility or difficulty getting pregnant
  • Ovarian cysts
  • Fatigue
  • Mood swings
  • Sleep apnea

Causes of PCOSCO:

  • Insulin resistance: Insulin resistance is a condition in which the body’s cells become less responsive to insulin, a hormone that helps regulate blood sugar levels. As a result, the body produces more insulin to compensate, which can lead to an increase in androgen production by the ovaries. Androgens are male hormones that can interfere with ovulation and cause the development of cysts in the ovaries.
  • Genetics: PCOS tends to run in families, suggesting that there may be a genetic component to the disorder. Several genes have been identified that may be involved in the development of PCOS, including those that regulate insulin signalling, androgen production, and follicle development.
  • Hormonal imbalances: PCOS is characterized by an imbalance of hormones, including an excess of androgens (male hormones) and insulin. This can disrupt the normal menstrual cycle and lead to the development of ovarian cysts.
  • Inflammation: Inflammation in the body can contribute to insulin resistance, which can in turn lead to the development of PCOS. In addition, inflammation can cause oxidative stress, which can damage the ovaries and lead to the development of cysts.
  • Lifestyle factors: Certain lifestyle factors, such as a sedentary lifestyle, a diet high in processed foods and sugar, and chronic stress, can contribute to the development of PCOS. These factors can contribute to insulin resistance, inflammation, and hormonal imbalances.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as bisphenol A (BPA), phthalates, and pesticides, has been linked to the development of PCOS. These toxins can disrupt the endocrine system and interfere with hormone production and regulation.


Associated Health Risks with PCOSCO

Type 2 Diabetes:

Women with PCOS have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance, which is a hallmark of PCOS, can lead to elevated blood sugar levels and eventually, diabetes. Additionally, obesity, which is common in women with PCOS, further increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Cardiovascular disease:

Women with PCOS have a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This is because insulin resistance can lead to high levels of triglycerides and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, both of which are associated with an increased risk of heart disease. Furthermore, obesity, high blood pressure, and an unhealthy lifestyle, which are common in women with PCOS, can further increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Endometrial cancer:

Women with PCOS have an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer. This is because irregular menstrual cycles can lead to an overgrowth of the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. Over time, this can lead to the development of endometrial cancer.

Depression and anxiety:

Women with PCOS are more likely to experience depression and anxiety. This is due to the hormonal imbalances that are characteristic of PCOS. Additionally, the physical symptoms of PCOS, such as weight gain, acne, and excessive hair growth, can lead to low self-esteem and poor body image, which can contribute to depression and anxiety.


PCOS is a leading cause of infertility in women. The hormonal imbalances that are characteristic of PCOS can interfere with ovulation, making it difficult to conceive. Additionally, women with PCOS are at increased risk of developing ovarian cysts, which can also interfere with fertility.


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Types of exercise for women with PCOS

There are a variety of different types of exercise that can be beneficial for women with PCOS. The following exercises are given.

  • Aerobic exercise: This type of exercise is great for improving cardiovascular health and burning calories. Examples of aerobic exercise include walking, running, cycling, swimming, and dancing.
  • Resistance training: This type of exercise involves using weights or resistance bands to build muscle. Resistance training can help to improve metabolism and reduce body fat, which is important for women with PCOS. Examples of resistance training include weightlifting, squats, lunges, and push-ups.
  • High-intensity interval training (HIIT): This type of exercise involves short bursts of intense activity followed by periods of rest. HIIT is effective in improving insulin sensitivity and burning calories. Examples of HIIT include sprinting, jumping jacks, and burpees.
  • Yoga: This type of exercise is great for reducing stress and improving flexibility. Yoga can also help to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce inflammation in the body.
  • When starting an exercise program, it’s important to start slowly and gradually increase intensity and duration over time. Women with PCOS should aim to get at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise per week.


It is concluded that Insulin resistance, genetics, hormonal imbalances, inflammation, lifestyle factors, and environmental factors all play a role in the development of this common hormonal disorder. Understanding these factors can help women and their healthcare providers develop strategies to manage PCOS and improve overall health. PCOS is a common hormonal disorder that affects many women. While the symptoms of PCOS are well known, many women are unaware of the associated health risks. Women with PCOS have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, endometrial cancer, depression and anxiety, and infertility. It is important for women with PCOS to be aware of these risks and to take steps to manage their health, such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and managing stress.

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